Have you already know before about kind method of vanilla dissemination? Vanilla dissemination can be achieved either by stem cutting or by tissue culture. India was the first vanilla producer has use tissue culture to produce new vanilla plants during the 1980s at Tamil Nadu University. This was the part of the first project to grow V. planifolia in India. The condition which occur that time was the vanilla planting stock in India was very shortage and limited therefore it inspired for vanilla tissue culture.
It is not easy for vanilla tissue culture even this method is very popular way of propagating various plants including orchids. So what we do in Indonesia today as vanilla farmer is more prefer use stem cutting to produce new vanilla plant. Stem cutting, the material we need is only half meter length or less of vanilla vine or ideal to have a minimum of 5 until 12 internodes in each cutting plant which got from healthy vanilla plant.
Then what we will do if something happen such as in India when vanilla planting stock was very shortage and limited? The situation in Indonesia today where the number of vanilla farmer has decrease and many of them has destroy the vanilla plant because of the price reason, another method to produce new vanilla plant as continue process from stem cutting which called by rooted cuttings.
Rooted cuttings, make more vanilla plant use stem cutting material that we already have which only fewer nodes on the vanilla plant and let the vanilla plant will rooting in polybag before move to the vanilla plantation. The vanilla plant at least must have 2 to 3 nodes which can be used for generating rooted cuttings. What polybag material mixture should to prepare for vanilla plant will rooting in polybag well? First the polybag mixture must have good nutrition for the vanilla plant, therefore material mixture that we use in Indonesia, soil, compost from sheep dung and cocopeat. The new vanilla plant will have root and grow more than 50 cm after six months in polybag as time when it will ready for field planting at the vanilla plantation.
Base on regulation in almost country which prohibited importation of soil, therefore we do not export vanilla plant with the producing method of vanilla rooted cuttings, we only able to export our vanilla plant with the producing method of vanilla stem cuttings. Our vanilla rooted cuttings product is only sell for domestic market. We pack vanilla stem cuttings by use styrofoams box without soil and it able to resistance 14 days without water treatment. Please contact us for more information, firstname.lastname@example.org